Chichen Itza, ROO
The ancient city Chichen Itza's name means "in the mouth at the Itzae's Well"' The city was in its heyday between 800 and 1200AD. Chichen Itza was the centre of political, religious and military power in Yucatan. The sacred city is located 75 miles east of Merida, the Capital of the State of Yucatan, Mexico. This ruin is rated among the most important of the Maya culture and covers an area of approximately six square miles.
Hundreds of buildings used to cover the area, now only about 30 can be visited by tourists. The ruins are divided into 2 groups; the Maya period (7-10AD) and the Maya-Toltec period (10-13AD). Ruins in the Maya period indicated the increasing importance of religion and included the Red House, the House of the Deer, the Nunnery, the Church, the Akab Dzib, the Temple of Three Lintels and the House of Phalli. The more spectacular buildings of the Toltec period include the Observatory, Kukulcan's Pyramid, the Temple of Warriors, the Ball Court, and the Group of the Thousand Columns.
The trip from the city of Cancun to Chichen Itza takes 2 or 3 hours using the new autopista. It is possible for you to see most of the main structures in one day. The tour busses usually get to the site around 10am so it is recommended that you get there early and beat the rush.